Biofonía en un ruidoso fragmento de bosque urbano tropical
HTML (English)
PDF (English)

Palabras clave

Animal communication
Urban environment Comunicación animal
Paisajes sonoros
Ambiente urbano

Cómo citar

John Young, R., Pieretti, N., Gonçalves Santos, S., & Duarte, M. (2021). Biofonía en un ruidoso fragmento de bosque urbano tropical. Biota Colombiana, 22(1), 96–107.


El ruido antropogénico, que forma parte de un paisaje sonoro urbano, puede afectar negativamente el comportamiento de los animales En este estudio investigamos cómo la biofonía (sonidos de animales) se vió afectada por el ruido antropogénico en un fragmento de bosque urbano brasileño. Nuestra hipótesis es que el ruido y la biofonía difiren entre el borde y el centro del fragmento de bosque (es decir, una menor biofonía en áreas ruidosas). Se usaron dos dispositivos de monitoreo acústico pasivo para grabar paisajes sonoros una semana al mes, 24 horas al día, de mayo a julio de 2012. El índice de complejidad acústica (ACI) se usó para cuantificar la biofonía y la densidad espectral de potencia (PSD) para cuantificar el ruido urbano. Se obtucieron mayores valores de PSD y ACI en el borde que en el centro del fragmento. La PSD fue menor en julio, mientras que el ACI no varió significativamente entre meses. Los niveles de ruido también fueron más altos en el borde, mientras que la riqueza potencial de especies fue mayor en el centro del fragmento de bosque. Una mayor biofonía en áreas ruidosas puede ser interpretada como el efecto de respuestas conductuales de las especies con el fin de establecer una comunicación efectiva. Alternativamente, podrían ser el resultado de la segregación de especies por grado de plasticidad vocal o debido a diferencias en la composición de las comunidades.
HTML (English)
PDF (English)


Barber, J. R., Crooks, K. R. & Fistrup, K. M. (2009). The costs of chronic noise exposure for terrestrial organisms. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 25, 180-189.

Berger-Tal, O., Wong, B.B.M, Candolin, U. & Barber J. (2019). What evidence exists on the effects of anthropogenic noise on acoustic communication in animals? A systematic map protocol. Enviromental Evidence, 8, 18-25.

Bobryk, W.C., Rega, C.C., Bardhan, S., Farina, A., He, H.S. & Jose, S. (2015). Utility of soundscape assessment for understanding conservation benefits of temperate agroforestry systems. Agroforest Systems, 6,997-1008.

Bonier, F., Martin, P.R. & Sheldon, K.S. (2007). Sex-specific consequences of life in the city. Behavioral Ecology, 18, 121-129.

Brumm, H., Voss, K., Kollmer, I. & Todt, D. (2004). Acoustic communication in noise: regulation of call characteristics in a New World monkey. Journal of Experimental Biology, 207, 443-448.

Brumm, H. (2006). Signaling through acoustic windows: nightingales avoid interspecific competition by short-term adjustment of song timing. Journal of Comparative Physiology, 12, 1279-1285.

Brumm, H. & Slater, P.J.B. (2006). Animals can vary signal amplitude with receiver distance: evidence from zebra finch song. Animal Behaviour, 71, 699-705.

Brumm, H. & Zollinger, S., A. (2011). The evolution of the Lombard effect: 100 years of psychoacoustic research. Behaviour, 148, 1173-1198

Cynx, J., Lewis, R., Tavel, B. & Tse, H. (1998). Amplitude regulation of vocalizations in noise by a songbird Taeniopygia guttata. Animal Behaviour, 56, 107-113.

Deecke, V. B., Ford, J. K. B. & Slater, P. J. B. (2005). The vocal behaviour of mammal-eating killer whales: communicating with costly calls. Animal. Behaviour, 69, 395-405.

Díaz, M.; Parra, A. & Gallardo C. (2011). Serins respond to anthropogenic noise by increasing vocal activity. Behavioral Ecology, 22, 332-336.

Duarte, M. H. L., Vecci, M. A., Hirsch A. & Young R. J. (2011). Noisy human neighbours affect where urban monkeys live. Biology Letters, 7, 840-842.

Duarte, M.H.L., Kaizer, M.C., Young, R.J., Rodrigues M. & Sousa-Lima, R.S. (2017). Mining noise affects loud call structures and emission patterns of wild black-fronted titi monkeys. Primates, 59, 89-97.

Duarte, M.H.L., Sousa-Lima, R.S, Young, R.J. Farina, A., Vasconcelos, M., Rodrigues, M. & Pieretti, N. (2015). The impact of noise from open-cast mining on Atlantic forest biophony. Biological Conservation, 191, 623-631.

Duarte, M.H.L., Caliari, E.P., Scarpelli, M.D., Lobregat, G.O., Young,R.J., & Sousa-Lima, R.S. (2019). Effects of mining truck traffic on cricket calling activity. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 146, 656-664.

Farina, A., Pieretti, N. & Piccioli, L. (2011a). The soundscape methodology for long-term bird monitoring: A Mediterranean Europe case-study. Ecological Informatics, 6, 354-363.

Farina, A., Lattanzi, E., Malavasi, R., Pieretti, N. & Piccioli, L. (2011b). Avian soundscapes and cognitive landscapes: theory, application and ecological perspectives. Landscape Ecology, 26, 1257-1267.

Hammond, T. J. & Bailey, W. J. (2003). Eavesdropping and defensive auditory masking in an Australian bushcricket, Caedicia (Phaneropterinae: Tettigoniidae: Orthoptera). Animal Behaviour, 140, 79-95.

Hosken, D. J., Bailey, W. J., Oshea, J. E. & Roberts, J. D. (1994). Localization of insect calls by the bat Nyctophilus geoffroyi (Chiroptera, Vespertilionidae): a laboratory study. Australian Journal of Zoology, 42, 177-184.

Kroodsma, R.L. (1982). Edge effect on breeding forest birds along a power-line corridor. Journal of Applied Ecology, 19, 361-370.

Laurance, S.G., Stouffer, P.C. & Laurance, W.F. (2004). Effects of road clearings on movement patterns of understory rainforest birds in central Amazonia. Conservation Biology, 18, 1099-1109.

Manly, B. F. (1997). Randomization, Bootstrap, and Monte Carlo Methods in Biology. London, UK: Chapman and Hall.480pp.

Mougeot, F. & Bretagnolle, V. (2000). Predation as a cost of sexual communication in nocturnal seabirds: an experimental approach using acoustic signals. Animal Behaviour, 60, 647-656.

Muller, P., & Robert, D. (2002). Death comes suddenly to the unprepared: singing crickets, call fragmentation, and parasitoid flies. Behavioral Ecology, 13, 598-606.

Nemeth, E., and Brumm, H. (2009). Blackbirds sing higher-pitched songs in cities: adaptation to habitat acoustics or side-effect of urbanization? Animal Behaviour, 78, 637-641.

Perillo, A., Mazzoni, L.G., Passos,L.F., Goulart,V. D. L. R., Duca, C. & Young, R.J. (2017). Anthropogenic noise reduces bird species richness and diversity in urban parks, Ibis, 159, 638–646.

Pieretti, N., Farina, A. & Morri, D. (2011). A new methodology to infer the singing activity of an avian community: The Acoustic Complexity Index (ACI). Ecological Indicators, 11, 868-873.

Pieretti, N. & Farina, A. (2013). Application of a recently introduced index for acoustic complexity to an avian soundscape with traffic noise. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 134, 891.

Pieretti, N., Duarte, M.H.L., Sousa-Lima, R.S., Rodrigues, M., Young, R.J. & Farina, A. (2015). Determining temporal sampling schemes for passive acoustic studies in different tropical ecosystems.Tropical Conservation Science, 8, 215–234.

Pijanowski, B. C., Villanueva-Rivera, L. J., Dumyahn, S. L., Farina, A., Krause, B. L. Napoletano, B. M., Gage, S. H. & Pieretti, N. (2011). Soundscape Ecology: The science of sound in the landscape. Bioscience, 61, 203-216.

Rossing, T.D. (2007). Springer Handbook of Acoustics. NewYork: Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1182 pp.

Santos, S.G., Duarte, M.H.L., Sousa-Lima, R.S. & Young, R.J. (2017). Comparing contact calling between black tufted-ear marmosets (Callithrix penicillata) in a noisy urban environment and in a quiet forest. International Journal of Primatology, 38, 1130-1137.

Schafer, R. M. (1977). The Tuning of the World. Knopf. Michigan University.

Sjölander, K. & Beskow, J. (2000). Wavesurfer: an open source speech tool. Interspeech, 464-467.

Slabbekoorn, H. & Peet, M. (2003). Birds sing at a higher pitch in urban noise. Nature, 424, 267.

Slabbekoorn, H. & Ripmeester, E. A. (2008). Birdsong and anthropogenic noise: implications and applications for conservation. Molecular Ecology, 17, 72-83.

Sueur, J. & Farina, A. (2015). Ecoacoustics: the ecological investigation and interpretation of environmental sound. Biosemiotics, 8,493–502.

Sun, J. W. C. & Narins, P. M. (2005). Anthropogenic sounds differentially affect amphibian call rate. Biological Conservation, 121, 419-427.

Teixeira, B., Hirsch,A. Goulart,V. D. L. R., Passos,L., Teixeira,C.P. James, P. & Young, R.J.(2015). Good neighbours: distribution of black-tufted marmoset (Callithrix penicillata) in an urban environment. Wildlife Research, 42, 579-589.

Tolentino, V. C. D. M, Baesse, C. Q. & Melo, C. D. (2018). Dominant frequency of songs in tropical bird species is higher in sites with high noise pollution. Environmental Pollution, 235, 983-992.

Vasconcelos, M. F., Mazzoni, L. G., Perillo, A.; Guerra, T., Morais, R., Garzon, B., Santos, J. E., Guimarães, L. S. L., Oliveira, Almeida, T., Peixoto, H. J. C., Dutra, E. C., Pedroso, L. F., Valério, F. A., Petrocchi, D., Santos, L. P. S. Dias, J. E. M., Morais, S. A., Garcia, F. I. A., Benfica, C. E. R. T. & Ribeiro, B. P. (2013). Long-term avifaunal survey in an urban ecosystem from southeastern Brazil, with comments on range extensions, new and disappearing species. Papéis Avulsos de Zoologia da Universidade de São Paulo, 53, 327-344.

Warren, P. S., Katti, M., Ermann, M. & Brazel, A. J.. (2006). Urban bioacoustics: it’s not just noise. Animal Behaviour, 71, 491-502.

Zhao, Z., Xu, Z. Yong, Bellisario, K., Zeng, R. Wen, Li, N., Zhou, W. Yang, & Pijanowski, B. C. (2019). How well do acoustic indices measure biodiversity? Computational experiments to determine effect of sound unit shape, vocalization intensity, and frequency of vocalization occurrence on performance of acoustic indices. Ecological Indicators, 107.

Creative Commons License

Esta obra está bajo una licencia internacional Creative Commons Atribución-NoComercial-SinDerivadas 4.0.

Derechos de autor 2021 Instituto de Investigación de Recursos Biológicos Alexander Von Humboldt


Los datos de descargas todavía no están disponibles.