Caracterización de la vegetación, aves y paisajes sonoros: un caso de estudio en el Parque Nacional Braulio Carrillo, Costa Rica
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Palabras clave

Acoustic indices
Birds
Ecoacoustics
Noise
Road
Tropical rainforest Aves
Bosque húmedo tropical
Carretera
Ecoacústica
Índices acústicos
Ruido

Cómo citar

Retamosa Izaguirre, M. I., Segura Sequeira, D., Barrantes Madrigal, J., Spínola Parallada, M., & Ramírez Alán, O. (2021). Caracterización de la vegetación, aves y paisajes sonoros: un caso de estudio en el Parque Nacional Braulio Carrillo, Costa Rica. Biota Colombiana, 22(1), 57–73. https://doi.org/10.21068/c2021.v22n01a04

Resumen

Evaluamos la complejidad estructural de la vegetación, las aves y los paisajes sonoros en dos áreas del Parque Nacional Braulio Carrillo, Costa Rica, con diferente exposición a carreteras, como información de base para la conservación y el manejo. Medimos la complejidad estructural de la vegetación, registramos las aves y grabamos los paisajes sonoros en un área adyacente a la Carretera Nacional 32 (Quebrada) y otra área a 20 km (Ceibo). Quebrada presentó una estructura forestal más abierta y menor densidad de árboles y arbustos, menor equitatividad y mayor complejidad acústica, mayor actividad bioacústica y nivel de presión sonora y mayor abundancia y riqueza de aves. Ceibo mostró una mayor densidad de árboles y arbustos, mayor complejidad de la estructura de la vegetación, mayor proporción de biofonías que antrofonías, y una comunidad acústica con mayor diversidad y entropía. Los sitios de estudio variaron en las características de sus comunidades de aves de manera imprevista; estas diferencias parecen estar mayormente influenciadas por la estructura y complejidad de la vegetación que rodea la carretera. Sin embargo, los paisajes sonoros parecieron reflejar adecuadamente la condición del hábitat y son prometedores para evaluar la condición ecológica de un sitio.

https://doi.org/10.21068/c2021.v22n01a04
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