Caracterización de la vegetación, aves y paisajes sonoros: un caso de estudio en el Parque Nacional Braulio Carrillo, Costa Rica
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Palabras clave

Acoustic indices
Tropical rainforest Aves
Bosque húmedo tropical
Índices acústicos

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Retamosa Izaguirre, M. I., Segura Sequeira, D., Barrantes Madrigal, J., Spínola Parallada, M., & Ramírez Alán, O. (2021). Caracterización de la vegetación, aves y paisajes sonoros: un caso de estudio en el Parque Nacional Braulio Carrillo, Costa Rica. Biota Colombiana, 22(1), 57–73.


Evaluamos la complejidad estructural de la vegetación, las aves y los paisajes sonoros en dos áreas del Parque Nacional Braulio Carrillo, Costa Rica, con diferente exposición a carreteras, como información de base para la conservación y el manejo. Medimos la complejidad estructural de la vegetación, registramos las aves y grabamos los paisajes sonoros en un área adyacente a la Carretera Nacional 32 (Quebrada) y otra área a 20 km (Ceibo). Quebrada presentó una estructura forestal más abierta y menor densidad de árboles y arbustos, menor equitatividad y mayor complejidad acústica, mayor actividad bioacústica y nivel de presión sonora y mayor abundancia y riqueza de aves. Ceibo mostró una mayor densidad de árboles y arbustos, mayor complejidad de la estructura de la vegetación, mayor proporción de biofonías que antrofonías, y una comunidad acústica con mayor diversidad y entropía. Los sitios de estudio variaron en las características de sus comunidades de aves de manera imprevista; estas diferencias parecen estar mayormente influenciadas por la estructura y complejidad de la vegetación que rodea la carretera. Sin embargo, los paisajes sonoros parecieron reflejar adecuadamente la condición del hábitat y son prometedores para evaluar la condición ecológica de un sitio.
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